CONVENTION ON THE CONTRACT FOR THE
INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY
ROAD (CMR) (GENEVA, 19 MAY 1956)
PREAMBLE / [PREAMBLE] /
The Contracting Parties,
Having recognized the desirability of standardizing the conditions governing the contract for the international carriage of goods by road, particularly with respect to the documents used for such carriage and to the carrier's liability, Have agreed as follows:
CHAPTER 1 - SCOPE OF APPLICATION
1. This Convention shall apply to every contract for the carriage of goods by road in vehicles for reward, when the place of taking over of the goods and the place designated for delivery, as specified in the contract, are situated in two different countries, of which at least one is a contracting country irrespective of the place of residence and the nationality of the parties.
2. For the purpose of this Convention, "vehicles" means motor vehicles, articulated vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers as defined in article 4 of the Convention on Road Traffic dated 19 September 1949.
3. This Convention shall apply also where carriage coming within its scope is carried out by States or by governmental institutions or organizations.
4. This Convention shall not apply: (a) To carriage performed under the terms of any international postal convention; (b) To funeral consignments; (c) To furniture removal.
5. The Contracting Parties agree not to vary any of the provisions of this Convention by special agreements between two or more of them, except to make it inapplicable to their frontier traffic or to authorize the use in transport operations entirely confined to their territory of consignment notes representing a title to the goods. read more....